两年半以后的今天，基本局势又发生了变化。主要的议会党派，尤其是吉里贾·普拉萨德·柯伊拉腊（Girija Prasad Koirala，尼泊尔大会党主席）和尼泊尔共产党（联合马列）领导的尼泊尔国会，越来越清醒的熟悉到这一事实，2002年5月解散议会、2002年10月皇室直接接管政权是一个早就安排好的阴谋，它将90年人民运动取得的有限的民主成果窃取一空，尼泊尔恢复了彻底的君主制。还有，大部分国际“友邦”也熟悉到，所谓的“新君主制”在群众中受到极大反对，在仅依靠外部援助的情况下无法继续维持下去。
1月9日，玛嘉（Magarat）地区自治政府宣告成立，当天在有光荣革命传统的Thawang村（Rolpa地区）举行了盛大的群众集会，7.5万名群众参加。值得一提的是，这是中心革命根据地的发源地，受压迫最重的玛嘉（Kham Magar）民族久居于此。自治人民政府由Santosh Budha Magar同志领导，其他成员来自不同民族、不同阶级和不同群众组织。普拉昌达主席和革命人民联合阵线（URPC）主席Baburam Bhattarai同志向集会表示庆祝。西部地区司令员Diwakar和革命人民联合阵线（URPC）联合召集人Krishna Bahadur Mahara同志一起在群众大会上致词。
同样的，1月19日，Bheri-Karnali地区自治人民政府成立，由Khadga Bahadur B.K.同志领导，在贾贾科特（Jajarkot）地区举行了大规模群众集会。卡尔纳利（Karnali）地区是全国最边远、落后的地区，也是一个革命风暴中心。
Long Live Marxism-Leninism-Maoism & Prachanda Path!<?xml:namespace prefix = o />
MAOIST INFORMATION BULLETIN- 8
[Occasional Bulletin of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)]
January 20, 2004
News & Views
Anti-Monarchy Struggle Gathers Momentum
The fake and puppet monarchy raised after the infamous palace massacre on June 1, 2001 in Nepal is now facing a massive countrywide movement for its overthrow and replacement with a republican system of government. The anti-monarchy democratic struggle has entered a new phase with the traditional pro-monarchy parliamentary parties, and particularly their
student wings, coming out in streets with overt republican slogans for the past one month.
It may be recollected that the CPN (Maoist) had given a call for institutionalisation of the republic soon after the massacre of King Birendra and his entire family, under a grand conspiracy of internal and external reactionary forces in 2001. The masses of the people had then come into the streets and openly branded Gyanendra (the present 'King') and his
gangster son, Paras, as ‘the murderers’. However, because of the vacillating posture of the major parliamentary parties and support from some international forces the regicidal and fratricidal culprits managed to stabilize themselves in the throne. The genocidal ‘royal Nepal army’ (RNA) provided the major internal support base for the fake monarchy.
After two and a half years, the situation has undergone a fundamental change. Now the major parliamentary parties, particularly the Nepali Congress headed by Girija Prasad Koirala and the UML, are increasingly realizing that the dissolution of parliament in May 2002 and direct royal take-over of power of the old state in October 2002 was under a calculated plan to snatch away the limited democratic gains of 1990 people’s movement and restore an absolute monarchy. Also, the major international players in Nepal seem to have realized that the ‘new’ monarchy is extremely unpopular with the masses and cannot be sustained for long with mere external support.
The simmering anti-monarchy volcano has now erupted in the streets of Kathmandu and major cities. There have been daily processions and violent skirmishes with the royal police and armed forces. Defying the official positions of their parent parties, the students and youth wings of the major parliamentary parties have been raising slogans for the abolition of the
monarchy and institutionalisation of a republican set-up. The royal puppet government and its RNA have, therefore, made wild accusations of “infiltration of the movement by the Maoists.” This is clearly designed to scare away the parliamentary parties from “the Maoists” and win them over to the royal fold once again, which the students and the masses have been
resisting so far.
Meanwhile, the ‘King’ has started his old game of ‘divide and rule’ by meeting the leaders of the parliamentary parties one by one and offering them some ‘carrots’. There are strong rumours that there will be another change of puppet government soon to diffuse the anti-monarchy movement.
However this time the leaders of the parliamentary parties seem to be more sceptical with the ‘King’ and not likely to be easily trapped in his conspiratorial net. There is tremendous pressure from the lower level cadres and intellectuals upon these leaders to stand firm against the treacherous monarchy.
Hence, unless a dramatic change occurs in the situation, a decisive anti-monarchy movement seems to be in the offing in the coming months.
The CPN (Maoist) has given an open call for the overthrow of the feudal autocratic monarchy and ushering in of a republican democratic set-up in the country. The Party believes that in the specific situation of Nepal even a bourgeois republic would be much more preferable for advancing democratic rights of the masses.¨
PLA Continues With Successful Military Blows
The heroic People’s Liberation Army (PLA) has been giving serious blows to the royal mercenary RNA contrary to the claims of the royal spin-doctors.
Successful military actions in the form of ambushes, mining, commando attacks and sabotage have been carried out almost daily in different parts of the country. Particularly the ambushes and mining have been so effective that the royal mercenaries have virtually ceased to venture into the rural base areas, except with exceptional preparations.
In the latest successful military action in the Eastern Region, more than twenty RNA mercenaries were killed and several others wounded in Ramite of Morang district on January 16-18. The royal mercenaries were first caught in the ambush with mining and later the encounter continued for over two days in the forested area. This humiliating defeat of the RNA was completely blacked out from the old state media.
On January 18, a RNA convoy was attacked along the Dhangarhi-Dadeldhura highway in Far-Western Region, wherein five royal mercenaries were killed on the spot, seven wounded and five captured.
Earlier, on December 18 a big armored convoy of RNA mercenaries was ambushed in Shivagarhi of Kapilvastu district (Western-Central Terai), where ten armed personnel were killed and a huge damage inflicted to the enemy.
Four RNA soldiers were killed in a road mining ambush in Jyamire near Hetauda (Central Inner Terai) on December 26.
Three RNA soldiers met instant death when PLA fighters shot at them outside a government bank in Taulihawa of Kapilvastu district on December 30.
On January 2, four RNA soldiers were killed in an ambush near Manohari along the Hetauda- Narayangarh highway.
On January 3, Seven RNA mercenaries were killed in an ambush and subsequent encounter in Jalbire along Mugling- Narayangarh highway (Central region).
However, the PLA also met with an irreparable loss in the martyrdom of Com. Salim, a battalion commander, in this action.
On January 5, a big encounter took place with the RNA in Mahure forest of Khotang district (Eastern region), in which half a dozen royal mercenaries were killed, several automatic weapons seized and a number of top ranking officials of the district captured (who were let off subsequently).
Similarly, hundreds of small and medium armed actions were carried out throughout the country killing scores of policemen and soldiers of the royal regime. The royal media, however, conveniently hides the heavy losses on its part and highlights the deaths of unarmed persons and prisoners-of-war killed by the RNA in fake ‘encounters’.
In recent times the royal spin doctors have been shamelessly parading some
prisoners-of-war in the state media as ‘surrendered’ persons, who are in
reality subjected to inhuman torture and made to sign in blank papers.
However, no amount of false propaganda can conceal the imminent defeat and
collapse of the royal regime, which may occur sooner than expected. ¨
Autonomous People’s Governments Formed
As per the Party’s known policy of granting autonomous rule along with rights of self-determination to the oppressed nationalities and regions, a campaign is now underway to form autonomous people’s governments in the liberated areas. After completing the process of forming elected people’s committees at village and district levels on the basis of revolutionary
united front policies, currently regional level people’s governments are being installed in different parts of the country.
On January 9, Magarat Autonomous Region People’s Government was declared amidst a huge mass meeting of over 75 thousand people in the historic Thawang village in Rolpa district. As may be recollected, this is the main base area of the revolution and is inhabited by the most oppressed Kham Magar nationality. The Autonomous People’s Government was formed under the leadership of Com. Santosh Budha Magar, in which members from various other nationalities and classes and masses are represented. Revolutionary felicitation messages from Com. Prachanda, Chairman of the CPN (Maoist) and Supreme Commander, PLA, and from Com. Baburam Bhattarai, Convener, United Revolutionary People’s Council (URPC), were read to the masses on the occasion. Com. Diwakar, In-charge, Western Command, and Com. Krishna Bahadur Mahara, Joint-Convener, URPC, among others, addressed the gathering.
Similarly, on January 19, Bheri-Karnali Autonomous Region People’s Government was formed under the leadership of Com. Khadga Bahadur B.K. and made public amidst a big mass rally in Jajarkot district. It may be noted that Karnali region is the most remote and backward area of the country. This is also one of the major storm centres of the revolution.
Soon such Autonomous People’s Governments would be formed in Seti-Mahakali
Region, Tharuwan, Tamuwan, Tamang Region, Kirat, Madhesh, etc.
Meanwhile, the URPC has recently issued a “Directory for Administration of People’s Power, 2004,” to bring harmony to the administration of local people’s power in the base areas throughout the country. In this Directory, separate chapters are included for the administration of Autonomous Regions and Local Bodies, General Administration, Public Security, Revolutionary Land Reform, Forest Management, Industry, Commerce and Finance, People’s Cooperatives, Physical Infrastructure Development, Public Health, Public Education, People’s Culture and Social Welfare. Similarly a Public Legal Code has been formulated to administer the New Democratic people’s power. ¨
Anti- Imperialist International Gathering in Mumbai
An important international gathering of anti-imperialist forces of different shades is taking place in Mumbai (India) from January 16 to 21, 2004 under the banner of World Social Forum (WSF), Mumbai Resistance (MR) 2004 and other forums. Nearly about hundred thousands delegates from over 130 countries are estimated to have gathered to deliberate on issues ranging from imperialist globalisation, militarism, religious fanaticism, environmental question, women and children’s discrimination and national oppression to almost everything.
Despite lack of ideological and political clarity and minimum necessary homogeneity of such a diverse and massive gathering, this could provide a useful forum for networking and interactions among the anti-imperialist and revolutionary democratic forces of different countries. Particularly at a time when there is no socialist base area in the world and the whole
humanity is bullied by the naked super-power imperialism, this type of gathering despite its many limitations should be taken in a relatively positive light by the progressive and revolutionary forces. However, one has to beware of both the bourgeois liberal or anarchist outlook and ‘left’ sectarian outlook, to discard the opportunist or reactionary aspect of such
amorphous jamboree and grasp only its progressive part.
As regards the general slogan of the WSF, namely ‘Another World is Possible,’ the proletarian revolutionary forces should definitely attempt to extend it to mean ‘Socialist World is Possible’. But in our view, specially after the bitter experiences of the ‘Socialist’ models of the 20th century, only to say ‘Social World is Possible’ won’t be enough. It will have to be further expanded to ‘Another Socialist World is Possible’. That means it is
not the same ‘Socialist’ world, but ‘Another Socialist’ world. Of course, it will require much more explanation, which may not be possible here. It is precisely in this context that our Party has raised the question of ‘development of democracy in the 21st century’ [See, “Present Situation and Our Historical Task” in Some Important Documents of Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), 2004'].
The final outcome of the Mumbai gathering is yet to be seen. But, having been organized in South Asia for the first time, it is expected that it will deliberate on ways of resisting the ill effects of imperialist globalisation in the region and imperialist interventions against revolutionary movements, particularly in Nepal and India.¨