2012年6月基兰带领激进分子成立了新党：尼共-毛（Communist Party of Nepal — Maoist）。
2012年6月基兰带领激进分子成立了新党：尼共-毛（Communist Party of Nepal — Maoist）。
20-odd chiefs of sister wings join Baidya’s party
By KIRAN PUN
KATHMANDU, June 21 : With only one-third of the UCPN (Maoist) central committee members joining the newly-formed CPN-Maoist led by Mohan Baidya, one would have speculated that only a few lower rung leaders would follow suit. But, this has been proven wrong.
Almost all the chiefs of around three dozen sister wings – considered the backbone of the mother party – of the UCPN (Maoist) have joined the new party. They had sided with Baidya ever since the beginning of the rift in the UCPN (Maoist). This has left only around a dozen chiefs of sister wings in the mother party.
“The sister wings represented suppressed communities that the Baidya faction has always stood for while Pushpa Kamal Dahal had said that he had dug his own grave by forming ethnic fronts in the party. So it is natural for the chiefs of sister wings to spurn Dahal,” said Santosh Budha Magar, chief of the Magar National Liberation Front.
YCL has remained inactive after the formation of the People′s Volunteers (PV) led by Netra Bikram Chand. Its chief Ganesh Man Pun has supported Dahal. Similarly, of the three regional organizations – Madhesi Liberation Front (MLF), Bheri-Karnali Liberation Front (BKLF) and Seti-Mahakali Liberation Front (SMLF) – only SMLF chief Lekhraj Bhatta remains with the mother party. BKLF chief Khadga Bahadur Bishwakarma and MLF chief Krishna Dev Singh Danuwar have joined forces with Baidya.
Similarly, chiefs of almost all the professional organizations have also joined the new party. Of them, Chitra Bahadur Shrestha, chief of All Nepal Peasant Federation (Revolutionary), Shalikram Jamakattel, chief of All Nepal Trade Union Federation, Himal Sharma, chief of All Nepal National Independent Students Union (Revolutionary), Amar Tamu, chief of Tamu National Liberation Front, Ram Charan Tharu, chief of Tharu National Liberation Front, Suryaman Dong, chief of Tamang National Liberation Front, Hitaraj Pande, chief of Sahid Pariwar Samaj, Deependra Pun, chief of Ghaite Yoddha Pariwar, Khim Lal Devkota, chief of All Nepal Intellectual Association, Gyandera Kumal, chief of Kumal National Liberation Front, Shree Jabegu, chief of Limbuwan National Liberation Front and Mukti Pradhan, National Human Rights Concern Center, have stayed with the mother party. Of them, Kumal, Jabegu, Pradhan and Devkota are close to the faction led by party Vice-chairman Baburam Bhattarai.
The chiefs of sister wings joining Baidya′s party are Jayapuri Gharti Magar of All Nepal Women′s Association (Revolutionary), Gunaraj Lohani of All Nepal Teachers Association, Tilak Pariyar of Nepal National Dalit Liberation Front, Ishwar Chandra Gyawali of United All Nepal People′s Cultural Federation, Suresh Ale Magar of Indigenous Nationalities Federation, Maheshwar Dahal of Revolutionary Journalists Association, Mangal Bishwakarma of All Nepal People′s Health Workers Association, Ekaraj Bhandari of Association of Fighters Disappeared by State, Shiva Kattel of National Industries and Commerce Federation and Jayandra Bahadur Chand of Republican Sports Federation.
Likewise, Rukma Lamichhane of Nepal National Employees′ Organization, Santosh Budha Magar of Magar National Liberation Front, Takma KC of Nepal National Professors′ Organization, Padam Rai of Kirat National Liberation Front, Bharat Chepang of Chepang National Liberation Front, Chun Bahadur Thami of Thami National Liberation Front and Bartaman Rai of Rai-Danuwar National Liberation Front have also joined the new party.
Similarly, Raman Shrestha of National Lawyers Council, Bishnu Pukar Shrestha of Campaign for Human Rights and Social Transformation Nepal, Laxman Pant of All India Nepal People′s Rights Forum, Deependra Kumar Chhantyal of Chhantyal National Liberation Front, Nagendra Dhimal of Dhimal National Liberation Front and Pawanman Shrestha of Newa National Liberation Front are the other chiefs of sister wings joining CPN-Maoist.
Published on 2012-06-21 01:30:22
[From: http://myrepublica.com/portal/index.php?action=news_details&news_id=36689 (June 24, 2012)]
基兰同时表示要加强和恢复南亚毛派政党组织协调委员会 (COMPOSA) ，这一组织在尼泊尔党加入政府后遇到了挫折。
The Times of India
Split in Nepal Maoist party will revive relations with CPI (Maoist)
Mohua Chatterjee, TNN | Jul 2, 2012, 10.26AM IST
NEW DELHI: The breaking away of a significant chunk of Unified Communist Party of Nepal-Maoists (UCPN-M) is not just a major setback for its leader Prachanda but is also likely to impact the Maoist movement in India.
The breakaway group of 45 of the 149 central committee members headed by Mohan Baidya Kiran has already renewed ties with Indian Maoists, sources said.
Intelligence agencies are of the view that the split in Nepal will inject new energy to the Communist Party of India-(Maoist) and revive regular contact between the Maoists in India and Nepal. The relations between the CPI (Maoist) and the party in Nepal had dwindled since 2006, when Maoists joined the government in Kathmandu.
Interestingly, Mohan Baidya was the main person who kept in touch with CPI (Maoist). His breaking out of UCPN-M is likely to see a reshaping of the Maoist movement in both countries. Baidya’s new party is called the Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist (CPN-M).
Before the final split at the Sherpa Sewa Samaj Building in Kathmandu between June 16 and 18, the last meeting of the rebel group was held in Delhi at a Karol Bagh hotel in the second week of April.
One of the issues that came up for discussion at the Karol Bagh meeting was whether rebellion would be possible without armed cadres, as the Maoist army had surrendered in Nepal when the party joined the government.
But leaders of the breakaway group assured that about “3,000 armed cadres” had not surrendered in the last six years and some arms and ammunition had been kept hidden, even as most of the weapons were surrendered to the government. These trained cadre and the arms would come in handy to start a new party, the rebel leaders said.
In fact, the coming together of the CPN (Maoist) and the CPI (Maoist) is likely to increase movement of men and arms across the India-Nepal borders.
Replying to a question recently on whether he will coordinate with regional Maoist parties, Baidya said, “The Coordination Committee of Maoist Parties and Organizations of South Asia (COMPOSA) is an umbrella organization to struggle in the interest of patriotic, Leftist and all other pro-people elements in the South Asian region. It has been weakened for some time now. We will find ways to strengthen it again and carry on with it.”
COMPOSA had suffered a setback after Nepal’s Maoists joined the government.
Interview: Nepal on the brink of another ‘people’s war’
[Deutsche Welle (German Press) Interview with Kiran, June 25, 2012]
Political turmoil continues in Nepal after the break-up of the main party, the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist).
Mohan Vaidya ‘Kiran,’ former senior-vice chairman of the party, tells DW about his political plan.
Mohan Vaidya “Kiran” is the former senior-vice chairman of the Nepal’s main party, the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) and is founder of the split-off Nepal Communist Party (Maoist) faction.
DW: There are reports that you have parted ways from Nepal’s Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). Is this true?
Mohan Vaidya Kiran: Yes, this news is correct. The party was not talking about the interests of the common man. The achievements of the People’s War (the Nepali Civil War) that was fought for ten years have been forgotten by the party. Dreams of people were not fulfilled. That is the reason we have parted our ways and have formed a new party.
What will be the name of your party?
The name of my party is Nepal Communist Party (Maoist).
What did Prachanda, Former Prime Minister of Nepal, say on hearing your announcement about the split from the party? What was his first reaction?
It has been a couple of days since we last spoke to each other. He called me up during our national conference. He said that we should have a discussion one last time; He asked me to revoke the division of the party and stop it from splitting up. I clearly told him that that could not happen now. When we officially get separated is when I will speak to him again.
Did you also speak to the current prime minister of Nepal, Baburam Bhattarai? He is also a leader of the UCPN(M). What did he say to you?
I met him 3 to 4 days ago. He didn’t day much about it. When it comes to his political thought, he has more of a national vision. He wants to save the government.
The political party that received maximum public vote has split up. Don’t you think this step of yours will deepen Nepal’s political crisis?
There is a crisis in the absence of the executive and parliament; we have broken our ties with the largest political party, the UCPN(M). We will use this crisis to the benefit of the people. The old parliamentary system is what brought it on. We will try to turn this crisis into a revolution.
You are talking about a revolution. Please be more specific - do you mean an armed struggle?
We will analyse the situation and then will decide our next plan. Nepal used to be a feudal society, then it became semi-colonial and now it is a neo-colonial society. So we have to usher in a revolution.
You have formed a party. And now you are openly admitting that you will go for another “people’s war.” Prachanda’s faction and other political parties also have base. Don’t you think this will lead to a civil war?
We will take a step after analysing the national and international situations. The decision whether or not we have a people’s war will be based on that. But the thing is we have to put all efforts together to accomplish change.
Will you take part in the Nepalese Constituent Assembly elections to be held in November this year?
I will not participate in the November elections. Whatever happens at the last moment has yet to be seen, but for the moment, the answer is no.
Kiran says Baburam Bhattarai [above]
has not fulfilled his promises
The elections are still up in the air. There are other parties that are also not participating; they don’t want an election, they want a new constitution. But we have been shouting that under these circumstances, Nepal’s political problems cannot be resolved. We should unite and hold a conference. Forming a constituent assembly will not help the political development of the country.
Whom do you hold responsible for Nepal’s crisis?
Top people of the big political parties are responsible. Government is also responsible. People who hold positions in government and the Nepalese Constituent Assembly are to be blamed.
Those who held power and were given the responsibility to draft a new constitution failed. This is the failure of the parliamentary system.
If you are annulling the parliamentary arrangement then do you have another alternative?
We want a people’s republic in Nepal. After that we want to adapt Socialism and Communism. We don’t accept the present parliamentary arrangement.
What do you think is India’s role in Nepal?
India does not have a positive role. Nepal is a neo-colonial state. According to our analysis, the ruling classes of India and Nepal are working together and are exploiting the people of Nepal.
The leaders of the UCPN(M) have been considered corrupt. It has all been talked about in whispers. What is your say on this?
I would not like to talk much about it. But the financial transparency that is required is not there.
What is your next step?
There will be a meeting of the Central Committee. We will run a campaign for party and national independence. I will participate in the preparation of the movement and will establish discipline in the party.
How would you evaluate the tenure of Prime Minister Baburam Bhattarai?
See, his promise of forming a people’s liberation army has not been fulfilled. He also talked about creating a constitution in favor of the people, but at this, too, he has failed. He has not been successful at conducting politics in favor of the people of Nepal.
Interview: Vishwa Deepak / tss
Editor: Sarah Berning
[From: http://www.dw.de/dw/article/0,16049292,00.html ]